— White Earth Tribal Chair Erma Vizenor on Ojibwe hymn singing. Although Christian clergy tried to end traditional Indian spiritual practices, Vizenor said, the native-language hymns the church brought the reservation have become part of the complex Ojibwe culture. Listen here.
"I’ve seen our singing be a part of social change. I’ve seen our singing bring our people together during times of the worst times of mourning and death. I’ve seen our singing celebrate on Easter morning. It strengthens us. I love the Ojibwe hymn singing. I hope I can sing it until I draw my last breath."